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New Professor On Campus From The Desk Of Veryl 

by Brrbara Baker 

K-State gets a neu instruc- 
tor and women get a role model. 
This semester Lalarbara Wigfall 
is teaching studio and drawing 
classes to unde::c raduate students 
in the College of Architecture 
and Design at KSU. 

Wigfall becomes the third 
Black member of the teaching 
faculty at K-State this semester. 
Currently, she is the only Blac; 
female teaching at K-State. 

Bef o: e coming to K-StatE , 
Wigfall taught Architectural De- 
sign at the University of Texas 
in San Antonio and Environmental 
Design at the University of Cali- 
fornia at Berkley. In conjunc- 
tion with her academic appoint- 
ments she has presented a series 
of lectures at a number of pres- 
tigious universities, including 

Uligfall said the opportunity 
to lecture at KSU — as well as a 
past work association with the 
Kansas State Historical Society 
— helped her get a better in- 
sight into KSU and motivated her 
to choose this university as a 
place to teach. 

"I was impressed with the 
competence of the students," she 
said, "both their ability to 
perform in class and their abili- 
ty to perform professionally af- 
ter graduation." 

The dean of the College of 
Architecture and Design also in- 
fluenced her decision to come to 

"He (Dean Mark Lapping) was 
very aggressive in how he felt. 
I could contribute to the univer- 
sity and he appreciated the com- 
prehensiveness of my past re- 
search study," she said. 

"There are three things a 
black instructor looks at when 
considering different colleges 
around the country," Wigfall 
said. "They are money, location, 
and the opportunity to accomplish 
goals . " 

Wigfall believes the lack of 
black instructors at K-State is 
due in part to an image of Kansas 
not having any black people. 
Wigfall says many people don't 
even have a perception of where 
Manhattan, Kansas is. 

"The first question they 
will ask is how far is it from 
Kansas City." But Wigfall says 
K-State does have the reputation 
of being an excellent academic 

A woman in a male-oriented 
career, Wigfall says her mother 
was her strongest role model. 
"Her encouragement influenced my 
desire to be a role model for all 

"I grew up in a strong 
three-unit family where my father 
pushed my mother's image of being 
smart and independent." 

Wigfall advises women who 
want to achieve in a career to 
have determination and a strong 
and secure self. 

"Because you're an indepen- 

See WIGFALL page 4 

by Skip Grizzell 

Upon enrollment and regis- 
tration, most students probably 
received a map of the KSU campus, 
among numerous other handouts. 
According to the 8-1/2 by 11 -inch 
guide, Holton Hall is situated in 
the center of campus. Holton 
Hall houses the Office of Minor- 
ity Affairs and Special Programs. 
Many may not know what goes on in 
Room 201 , but when I arrived at 
K-State it was my first stop. 

At the Office of Minority 
Affairs and Special Programs I 
met Mr. Veryl Switzer, Assistant 
Vice President for Special Ser- 
vices, whom I had spoken with 
numerous times by long distance 
telephone prior to my arrival 
regarding admission and the seem- 
ingly never-ending enrollment, 
housing, and registration proce- 
dures. Consequently, I began to 
see the importance of this estab- 
lishment on our campus. 

According to Switzer, the 
purpose of the Special Services 
office is multi-functional. The 
provisions of a visible support 
system for ethnic minorities at 
Kansas State, a predominately 
white institution, is its primary 
purpose. It cannot be denied 
that during undergraduate college 
years such a system is vital to 
the success of every student. To 
assure this, the Office of Minor- 
ity Affairs and Special Programs 
makes itself available. 

Included in the ideal of 
this positive support system is 
the assistance of ethnic minori- 
ties in their matriculation on 
campus. Through exposure to dif- 
ferent people, different cul- 
tures, etc., the total college 
experience is heightened, brought 
to higher levels of knowledge - 
balancing what is learned in the 

As a support system, the 
Special Services office monitors 
student progress, helps to facil- 
itate student success on campus 
in various activities, encourag- 
ing persistence. Through the 
office a "critical mass," an 
identity base, is provided for 
minority students who would 
otherwise to be left to fend for 
themselves. Complimenting these 
services activities such as coun- 
seling services, individual tuto- 
rial assistance, career informa- 
tion regarding job opportunities, 
and referral services to academic 
departments are provided on a 
continual basis. 

As Assistant Vice President 
for Special Services, Veryl 
Switzer supervises seven program 
units with the Office of Special 
Services: the Upward Bound Pro- 

Very I Switzer 

gram (pre-college age), the Fenix 
Program (students 25 yrs. and 
up), Educational Supportive Ser- 
vices, Minority and Cultural Af- 
fairs, Religious Services, Ser- 
vices for Students with Physical 
Limitations, and the Internation- 
al Student Center. Through these 
special services many KSU stu- 
dents can get assistance in any 
of their needed areas. 

BSU Answers 
Conference Cal I 

KSU's Black Student Union 
will be hosting the 11th Annual 
Big 8 Conference on Black Student 
Government in Manhattan, Kansas, 
February 18-21, 1988. 

The Big 8 Conference serves 
as a forum to discuss problems on 
campus, ensuring the future suc- 
cess of Black collegians. This 
year's theme is "Remembering Our 
Roots, Cultivating Our Growth, 
Harvesting Our Goals." We will 
strive to make this a motivation- 
al experience, and provide an 
opportunity to ::sjuvenate our 
dream while working together. 
These objectives include promcfc- 
ing and supporting Black student 
organizations within the Big 8 
region; developing ethnic depart- 
ments and integraiinc information 
intc axisting university curricj- 
la; promoting the hiring of Black 
faculty, staff; networking with 
Big 8 member univirsities. 

We. are excited about the 
reunion of "jlack students across 
the country once again, and t a 
motivational rsaeakers we attract. 
Please mark your calendars for 
committee meetings and partici- 
pate in the preparation of our 

We look forward to your 

LaBarbara WIgf a I I 


BSU " Back To School ' POMC '87 REBIRTH 

Ebony Theatre Retuns To KSU 

by Barbara Baker 

Volleyball anyone? Picnickers indulge In a friendly game. 

Some of the Black faculty and staff "chew the fat" together at 

It has been two years since 
Ebony Theatre performed. Ebony's 
last production ended in 1985 
with the play Moonchildren . 

Ebony Theatre was started in 
1977. It was formed by Joyce 
Smith who was also advisor for 
the theatre group. The purpose 
of Ebony Theatre was to provide 
exposure in Black theatre at K- 
State and throughout Kansas. 

Ebony's works were written 
by Black playwrights who spoke of 
universal themes. They were the 
first non-professional group per- 
mitted to do a Broadway produc- 
tion of For Colored Girls which 
received outstanding reviews 
within the Manhattan, Kansas com- 
munity. Some of Ebony's other 
productions included: Don't 
Bother We, I Can't Cope ; Selma ; 
Black Love Song II ; and 
Methuselah . Three of Ebony's 
most prominent members were Vicki 
Felder, Velina Houston, and 
Vincent Bly. But now in 1987, 
"the spirit, the struggle and the 
dream of a people" returns with 
the rebirth of Ebony Theatre. 
Ebony's rebirth production will 
be Douglas Ward Turner's Happy 
Ending . I am very excited about 
being a part of Ebony's Theatre's 
rebirth. I wanted to see Ebony 


by Skip Grizzell 

Kansas State attracts stu- 
dents from around the globe as 
well as the state of Kansas, over 
80 countries are represented this 
year. Transfer students are also 
common on our campus. This 
month, Alliance spoke with 
Nechelle Welch and Kimberly 
Lemons, both are incoming stu- 
dents with two distinctly dif- 
ferent backgrounds. Nechelle is 
coming to K-State from Wichita, 
Kansas while Kim is a transfer 
student from Spelman College, a 
traditionally black, all women's 
college in Atlanta, Georgia, the 
heart of the South. 

Nechelle Welch, eldest of 
two children is a resident of 
Ford Hall and enjoys dorm life. 
While in high school, Nechelle 
was a member of the cheerleading 
squad and engaged in other extra- 
curricular activities, but re- 
grets holding back and not ex- 
pressing herself fully in high 
school. "I'm going into this 
school year with no restraints," 
Nechelle says. 

"I love dorm life. Just 
knowing that I'm surviving is 
having fun for me. Knowing that 
my goals are being reached is 
having a good time," was 
Nechelle 's reply when asked about 
campus life. Her expectations of 
college life are being fulfilled 
though Welch expressed that it's 
been a little slow finding in- 
roads to further her involvement 
here on campus. 

As far as perspective goes, 
Nechelle communicates ideas of 
"getting your own," not riding on 

the coattails of past success, 
parents, or scholarships. Welch 
says, "I don't want someone else 
to purchase my success. I want 
to earn mine." Past achieve- 
ments, family traditions and fi- 
nancial scholarships are all well 
and good in their place but per- 
sonal strivings and an inner 
desire to succeed are what count. 

Kim, on the other hand, is a 
freshman transfer from Atlanta's 
Spelman College. When asked why 
she transferred, Lemons' response 
was to raise her GPA. But her 
ultimate goal is to graduate from 
a Black university with aspira- 
tions to do graduate work at 
Northwestern University in 
Chicago, pursuing a career in 
business administration. 

"Spelman was a shock!" Kim 
reported, having completed her 
secondary education at predomi- 
nately white institutions. Com- 
petition in virtually every area 
of academia and campus society 
exists at Spelman. Thus, Kim 
found it important to be in con- 
trol. Being a Black institution, 
a strong sense of sisterhood 
prevailed though competition was 
stiff. A sense of community and 
personal achievement along with a 
proud collective identity, is 
prevalent there. 

Lemons, too, finds it imper- 
ative to have a strong sense of 
purpose. "I always make sure 
that I'm three steps ahead," Kim 
said, in reference to her studies 
at K-State. "I want to work 
extra hard." 

In order to acquire and 
maintain similar ideas, Black 
students must take initiatives in 
every aspect of college - class 

selection, classroom seating po- 
sition, hours carried. "You've 
got to look out for yourself," 
Kimberly suggests strongly. 

As much as we would like to 
think that it is, life is not 
fair. To compact the reality of 
the situation, Mommy and Daddy 
are not around. And, generally, 
speaking, other students don't 
really care. So, now is the time 
to take responsibility for our 
actions and do the best that we 
can do. 

As far as the black student 
populous here at K-State is con- 
cerned, support is an important 
ingredient to our success as a 
group. Whether the activity is a 
weekend party, ski trip, lecture, 
or just an informal rap session, 
unity and a willingness to work 
together is needed within our 
college community. Lemons feels 
that active unity is the key 
factor to a full, positive 

Lastly, Lemons says, "if in 
my life I can glorify God, then I 
will be satisfied. The Church 
has always been the center of our 
community. We must maintain 
spiritual purpose." 

I want to 
earn my 

Theatre return to K-State because 
I feel every person should be 
exposed to different cultures and 
theatre is one of the best ways 
to learn about ethnic groups and 

I also know there are lots 
of playwrights of Black and other 
ethnic backgrounds whose plays 
have never been read by some 
people and have never been seen 
on stage. I hope Ebony can be a 
showcase for these playwrights so 
that everyone can share the beau- 
ty and uniquenesses of different 

Ebony Theatre has a strong 
past history and I know that it 
can have a strong future. That 
strong future has begun with 
Happy Ending . 

Happy Ending is a black 
satire based on two women who are 
domestic workers and the "un- 
known" entrepreneurs within a 
white household. 

I'm very happy that the two 
major characters in Happy Ending 
are women. Ellie and Vi are 
strong; they're intelligent and 
they survive. They make a bad 
situation work for them. I think 
Ellie and Vi are a tribute to all 
black women whose strength and 
determination have been under- 
estimated and overlooked. 

Shirl Henry, speech and 
theatre major, was also instru- 
mental in the plans for Ebony's 

"Ebony has always been a 
part of K-State and even though 
they've had a slack period, they 
belong here, especially for mi- 
nority students," Henry said. 
Henry also wants Ebony to provide 
a learning experience about dif- 
ference cultures. 

"Theatre encompasses all 
races and Ebony is the chance for 
everyone to see that. Ebony is 
here to share culture," Henry 

Henry will also be playing 
the part of Ellie in Happy End- 
ing . Henry said she is very 
excited to be playing Ellie and 
sharing the part with the 
community . 

"Ellie is a strong person 
and she's smart. She may be a 
domestic worker but she's smart 
and she's lively and funny. She 
took a bad situation and made it 
good," Henry said. 

Happy Ending was performed 
October 16, 17, 1987 at the 
Purple Masque Theatre. 

Other cast members include 
Marlene Reed, Skip Grizzell, and 
Terry Jones. 



Ebony Theatre needs people 
to help make its rebirth a 
success. People are needed to 
work backstage, to help with 
ticket promotions, and to work on 
advertising promotions. Practice 
and performance times will be 
posted around campus. No 
previous experience with the 
theatre is required. For more 
information, call Barbara Baker 
at 537-8250. Come and join our 
Ebony Ensemble. 


Delta Sigma Theta Sorority 

Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity 

Founded in 1913 on the cam- 
pus of Howard University, Delta 
Sigma Theta, Inc., a public ser- 
vice sorority, was conceptualized 
and turned into reality by 22 
women with their minds set on 
community service and a true 
sisterhood as a foundation. 

The Eta Gamma chapter of 
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc., 
was established on the campus of 
Kansas State University in 1970 
and currently has seven active 

undergraduate members. Their 
activities include performing 
community services in the Manhat- 
tan area such as food drives, 
Manhattan Emergency Shelter dona- 
tions, and frequent elderly home 

Eta Gamma chapter is in- 
volved extensively with campus 
activities such as the Black 
Student Union, and United Black 
Voices, which was initiated by 
the chapter in 1972. 

Members of Delta Sigma Theta 

Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity 

In 1917, it was probably not 
imagined by a young Kansan that 
the seed he would plant at Kansas 
State Agriculture College would 
flourish into a fruitful tree of 
black culture and knowledge. A- 
long with high ideas, the will to 
succeed and a burning love for 
the fraternity he helped found, 
Charles Ignatious Brown brought 
with him the first black greek 
letter organization to our cam- 
pus, Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity. 

The Delta chapter, the 
fourth chapter founded in the 
fraternity, would go on to strug- 
gle through two World wars, the 
Depression, the Vietnam War and a 
long battle with racial injustice 
only to be revitalized again in 

Phi Beta Sigma was built on 
the three principles of brother- 
hood, scholarship, and service. 
Brotherhood, the loving bond of 
unity and strength within the 
organization, is a perpetuating 
factor. This bond not only ex- 
ists between local chapters, but 
also extends itself nationally 
and internationally. Phi Beta 
Sigma has chapters in Africa, 
Germany and many other countries 
around the world, including the 
United States. 

"Education, a Commitment to 
Progress" - that was the theme of 
our Second Annual Scholarship 
Ball held in April of this year. 
With scholarship being another 
important tool in the success of 
not only our fraternity, but in 
the black community as a whole, 
the purpose of this ball is to 
assist incoming students in their 
pursuit of academic excellence. 
April's ball will financially 
assist two K-State minority stu- 
dents this year. 

Our participation in Univer- 
sity activities has benefited 
Kansas State, who in turn, award- 
ed us with several university 

contracts. We are earnest in our 
belief that if you put back into 
the community that of which you 
take out, the rewards will be 
plentiful. This has been exem- 
plified through our local commu- 
nity service work. 

Service, food for the soul, 
and the source of all joy, is a 
cornerstone of Phi Beta Sigma 
fraternity. We are actively in- 
volved in community service such 
as our ongoing projects with 
University for Plan and their 
H.O.M.E. project. The Sigma 
Doves, our little sister organi- 
zation, are also very active with 
the Douglass Center and Manhat- 
tan's underprivileged youth. 
This year it is our intention to 
initiate student involvement in 
the Manhattan chapter of the 

The Delta chapter is also 
very proud of their commitment to 
scholarship. We strive to uphold 
good academics. Recently, Broth- 
er Vincent Key, senior in pre-med 
biology, was chosen as one of 
seven students nationally to re- 
ceive the Doctor Alaine Leroy 
Locke Scholarship for Academic 
Excellence. He was awarded $500 
for his educational pursuits. 
Brother Randall Hopkins and 
Brother Vincent Key were also 
nominated by Kansas State Univer- 
sity for a national scholarship 
award for their high academic 

Together, these things, 
Brotherhood, Scholarship, and 
Service, constitute what the 
brothers of Phi Beta Sigma repre- 
sent and believe in. The Delta 
Chapter and the Blue & White 
family would like to wish all new 
students the best of luck in 
their pursuits and extend an open 
invitation to anyone with an 
interest or desire to learn more 
about our organization. 

by Mark Mahan 

The Brothers of the illus- 
trious Kappa Tau chapter of the 
Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity are 
pleased to extend their warmest 
greetings to the new and return- 
ing K-State students. 

In our quest for leadership, 
love for all mankind and progress 
through hard work and tenacity, 
we are looking forward to a pro- 
gressive and exhaustive 1987-88 
school year. 

The 1986-87 school year was 
a successful one for us, which 
included duly initiating brother 
Dean Pearson into our fraternal 
order . 

Our annual "Martin Luther 
King Candle Light March and Vig- 
il" was our most successful event 
of the year. We were pleased to 
have been able to include Dr. 
Hakim Salahu-Din, K-State Presi- 
dent Jon Wefald, Nelson Nicker- 
son, and our fraternity brother 
Curtis Bazemore as special guest 
speakers during the candlelight 
ceremony . 

Our Second Annual Black 
Greek Quadrathalon was an oppor- 
tunity for the black greeks and 
independent students to compete 
in various sporting events, while 
also having fun. 

The first place trophy was 
presented to the men of Phi Beta 
Sigma fraternity, second place 
honors were awarded to the men of 
Omega Psi Phi fraternity, while 
we, the men of Alpha Phi Alpha 
finished in a third place 

Hopefully, next year we'll 
do a lot better. 

With K-State being the host 
of the 11th Annual Big 8 Confer- 
ence on Black Student Government 
in February, we are in the pro- 
cess of coordinating and planning 
for this upcoming affair. 

We would like to encourage 
all black students, greeks and 
non-greeks to do their utmost to 
help us as well as the Black 
Student Union, preparing for the 

Furthermore, we wish every- 
one the best of luck in their 
studies for the upcoming school 

Members of Alpha Phi Alpha 
fraternity, Kappa Tau chapter 
includes Brother Scott Roberts, 
Brother Jimmy Jackson, Brother 
Arnie Bazemore, and Brother Dean 

by Scott Roberts 


by Skip Grizzell 

Energy, excitement, and en- 
thusiasm correctly describe the 
tone of a United Black Voices 
choir rehearsal. Between 7:00 pm 
and 9:00 pm on Wednesday even- 
ings, K-State 's Little Theatre is 
transformed into a grand concert 
hall ringing with over thirty 
ethnic voices uniting to make a 
harmonic, joyful noise to the 
Lord, in song. 

United Black Voices Gospel 
Choir began in 1968 offering a 
spiritual, social and cultural 
outlet for KSU's ethnic popula- 
tion. The choir has picked up 
enthusiasm as the years have 
progressed and seems to be at the 
point of explosion this year. 

UBV participates in school- 
related functions as well as 
activities outside of the immedi- 
ate Kansas State community. 
These off -campus opportunities 
allow choir members to directly 
experience cultural and religious 
variation. Off -campus engage- 
ments also permit the choir to 
minister the gospel through song 
in places and to people who may 
otherwise never experience black 

gospel music. 

Because United Black Voices 
is a "young choir" a new perspec- 
tive is available for the audi- 
ence who has not been properly 
exposed to black gospel. Gospel 
is typically thought of as being 
reserved for the older adults or 
aged, inner-city church-goers. 
But at K-State, we have an oppo- 
sition to that stereotype: we 
are a gospel choir composed of 
young people who, at one level or 
another, have had an experience 
with God and know how to power- 
fully communicate that experience 
through progressive gospel. 

Greta Spears, senior in mass 
communications from Kansas City, 
M0, is one of the directors of 
UBV. This is her second year 
working in this capacity. When 
asked what are the most important 
characteristics of choir member- 
ships she stressed commitment and 
effort. "Yes, we're after num- 
bers but we must have committed 
and faithful people. Consisten- 
cy, commitment, and maintaining 
faith in what you do are all 
vital to the success of a group." 

See UBV page 4 

Members of Phi Beta Sigma offer free manpower to University for 
Man organization. 




Upward Bound 

Continued from page 1 

dent person, you have to be will- 
ing to be aggressive and willing 
to say 'stop, that's not right' 
very diplomatically and 
professionally . " 

Wigfall's intermediate goals 
will be to give students a solid 
base for continuation of their 
studies and to use her previous 
teaching experience to contribute 
to the faculty. Wigfall says 
another goal is to serve as a 
role model for minority students 
on campus. 

"I have lots of experience ■ 
with minority students and per- 
haps I can be of assistance at 

Meet The Editors 

Continued from page 3 

Spears will pursue an in- 
ternship with a major communica- 
tions network in or around Kansas 
City, MO, next semester, acquir- 
ing additional hands-on experi- 
ence. Her ultimate goal is to be 
a newscaster for Cable News Net- 
work (CNN). 

If you are interested in 
becoming involved with United 
Black Voices Gospel Choir or 
would like more information re- 
garding choir activities, please 
contact Greta Spears at 539-2787. 

It's goiic to be a great 
semester for Alliance and that's 
a promise from your Alliance 
editors. Allow us to introduce 

My name is Barbara Baker and 
I'm looking forward to working 
with Alliance this semester. I 
am a senior in radio and televi- 
sion with extensive training in 
news and commercial writing and 
production. One of my personal 
interests is to see a women's 
studies program developed for 
black women and all ethnic women 
and their concerns. My goals for 
Alliance are to bring the accom- 
plishments and concerns of black 
women out and to continue to make 
Alliance a publication that meets 
the diverse needs of the K-State 
campus and Manhattan community. 

My name is Bobby Van Buren 
and I am not only happy to be 
working on the Alliance this year 
but I am also looking forward to 
bringing forth some of the views, 
comments, and concerns that the 
minority students are facing on 
our campus today. I have had 
previous experience in journal- 
ism, copy writing and advertis- 
ing, and an extensive background 
in the field of Graphic Design 

Illustration. Because of my par- 
ticipation in a variety of campus 
groups and community service, it 
allows me to collectively bring 
together the services and activi- 
ties available to KSU minority 
students and members of the 
Manhattan community. 

My name is Skip Grizzell and 
like Barbara and Bobby, I am very 
excited about working with Al- 
liance this year. I am majoring 
in English Literature and carry- 
ing a minor in Ethnic Studies. 
My professional experience is 
varied, ranging from radio broad- 
cast to corporate law. With such 
a diverse background, I bring a 
broad perspective to Alliance . 
It is my desire to see the seem- 
ingly widening gap between K- 
State's ethnic population and the 
remaining student majority 
bridged by way of this publica- 
tion. I believe that as the 
various cultures are made aware 
of each group's special qualities 
and unique characteristics, our 
campus will be more complete; 
providing not only an excellent 
academic education but a posi- 
tive, cultural experience. 

ESS Wants You 

Educational Supportive Ser- 
vices is a retention and academic 
support service. All of our 
services are free if you are 
eligible for the program based on 
federal guidelines. 

Some of the services provid- 
ed are academic counseling, study 
skills, tutorial center, finan- 
cial planning, help sessions and 
an individual educational plan 
for each person. 

You can find out if you are 
eligible by completing a short 

intake evaluation with an academ- 
ic counselor. 

Our staff consists of Anne 
Butler, Director; Kathy Greene, 
Acting Director; Laurie McCauley, 
Academic Counselor; Diana Cald- 
well, Minority Student Develop- 
ment Coordinator; Andrea Shelton, 
Graduate Assistant; Sam Branch, 
Data Analyst; Jonathan Walls, 
Peer Counselor. 

Stop in and see us in Holton 
205 for additional information. 




Office of Minority Affairs 

Holton Hall 

Manhattan, Kansas 66506 

Nonprofit Organization 

Permit No. 525 
Manhattan, Kan. 66502 

Staff members of KSU Upward 
Bound, a federally funded high 
school academic support program, 
are aware of the national statis- 
tics and they know that each year 
more than a million teenagers 
become pregnant, four out of 
every five unmarried and 30,000 
under the age of fifteen. They 
know that drugs shatter millions 
of teenage lives every year. The 
high school dropout rates are no 
less alarming for teenagers, es- 
pecially for minority youth. The 
Upward Bound summer residential 
program offered an opportunity 
for the staff to tackle these 
problems with 50 youth from Man- 
hattan, Junction City, St. 
George, and Westmoreland. Thus, 
the idea of "Seminars on Teenage 
Social Issues" evolved. 

Working as a team, Janette 
Hewitt, former Academic Services 
Coordinator, Reginland McGowan, 
Program Counselor /Student Ser- 
vices Coordinator , Charlotte 
Olsen, Director, and Juanita 
McGowan , volunteer consultant , 
tossed out the idea of lecturing 
to these students. As one stu- 
dent said, "Every program we go 
to, someone is preaching to us 
about the same old thing... sex, 
AIDS, drugs and alcohol." What 
became evident is that the stu- 
dents needed to start talking 
about more basic issues: how 
they felt about themselves, how 
they felt they were getting along 
in their environments, and how 
they made decisions. 

Carl Boyd, a noted educator 
from Kansas City, Missouri, was 
invited to kick off the seminars. 
His topic, "Nobody Rises to Low 
Expectations", set the stage for 
students to start thinking about 
the pertinent issues in their 
lives. In small groups, they 
took his information to assemble 
"life skill" bags, naming impor- 
tant conditions that helped them 
cope with everyday situations. 

The planning team and Upward 
Bound summer counselors, Mary 
Craddock, Becky Griebat, Danielle 
Hollas, Andrea Shelton, Randy 
Wewer, Arnie Bazemore, and Deanna 
Noel built upon this orientation 
by facilitating small group dis- 
cussions on what's important in 
each student's life and what are 
his/her individual short-term and 
long-term goals. Exercises were 
designed to create interchange - 

for example, each student de- 
signed a "self" poster to de- 
scribe him/herself, and shared it 
with group members. 

The final emphasis of the 
seminars was leading the students 
through a decision-making process 
and allowing each student to work 
through a personal decision using 
a series of sequential steps. 

Interwoven throughout the 
entire summer were seminar sup- 
plements that gave the students 
information on issues that some- 
times intrude into teenagers' 
personal lives. Sargeant Stanley 
Conkwright of the Riley County 
Police Department shared factual 
information on the incidence of 
alcohol and drug usage and the 
potential consequences from a law 
related viewpoint. He also fo- 
cused on teenage suicide and its 
impact throughout the nation. 

Students used this focus on 
teenage social issues to write 
research papers and to practice 
critical thinking skills in their 
academic classes. Consequently, 
it became a total approach to our 
summer program. What were the 
responses of students at the end 
of the program? They ranged from 
"It wasn't boring" to "I can be 
sure of myself and know what I 
want" to "It told me a lot on how 
I can be better in everyday 
life," to "I have a philosophy of 

The Upward Bound staff sees 
these seminars as a spring board 
for ongoing programming during 
the academic year. As Reginland 
McGowan, who will be coordinating 
these ongoing personal develop- 
ment activities, sums it up: 
"Research has shown that to deal 
with adolescent problems effec- 
tively, the program must encom- 
pass the school, the student and 
the family." To survive over 
time, the program must also in- 
clude "intensive teacher train- 
ing , " developing semester-long 
programs that offer detailed les- 
son plans and a full complement 
of curricular materials, includ- 
ing textbooks for students, a 
guide for parents, series of 
parent seminars, and intensive 
teaching/ training, will be the 
primary emphasis in ongoing coor- 
dinating efforts of Upward 
Bound's Teenage Social Issues 


Upward Bound participants 

6 £442